Collectrate is collection of many government office govern by District Magistrate, Also known as District Collector. A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India. Since District Collectors are also empowered as executive magistrates, the post is also referred to as the District Magistrate and as the office-bearer works under the supervision of a Divisional Commissioner, the post is also known as Deputy Commissioner.
They are posted by the State government, from among the pool of Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officers,in the state. The members of the IAS are either directly recruited by the Union Public Service Commission or promoted from Provincial Civil Service (PCS). A District Magistrate and Collector is transferred to and from the post by the State government.
The responsibilities assigned to a District Magistrate are as :
As District Magistrate:
- Maintenance of law and order.
- Supervision of the police and jails.
- Supervision of subordinate Executive magistracy.
- Hearing cases under the preventive section of the Criminal Procedure Code.
- Supervision of jails and certification of execution of capital sentences.
- Arbitrator of land acquisition.
- Disaster management during natural calamities such as floods, famines.
- Crisis management during riots or external aggression.
- Land assessment.
- Land acquisition.
- Collection of income tax dues, excise duties, irrigation dues etc.
- Reports to Divisional Commissioner on all matters.
As District Election Officer:
- Conducts Elections in the district, be it General, Assembly or Municipal.
- Acts as the Returning Officer for the Lok Sabha constituency in the district.